Dr. Faramade Ifedolapo
Birth Control, also known as Contraception and fertility control is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy.
Modern methods of birth control became available in the 20th century and using these methods to achieve birth control is called family planning. According to WHO, 214million women of reproductive age in developing countries who intends to avoid pregnancy are not using a modern contraceptive method. People use contraception for a range of reasons.
Benefits of family planning includes:
- Prevention of transmission of Human Immune deficiency Virus (HIV) and other Sexually Transmitted Infections.
- Prevention of unintended pregnancies and reduction of acts of unsafe abortion thereby reducing deaths of mothers and children
- Creates avenue for families to determine the number and spacing of their children.
The promotion of family planning by ensuring access to desired contraceptive method for couples is the key to achieving the well-being of women and equally provides a health community development.
Literally, contraception can be used to plan when a woman or couples have children and the number to have. This requires choosing:
- When they want to start having children
- When they want to stop having children
- How far apart they want these children
Methods of Contraception
Various methods through which birth control or contraception could be achieved involve any of the following while the choice however depends on their suitability to clients. This is usually preceded by counseling by health care worker or personnel.
The methods include;
- Long-acting reversible contraception such as implant or intra uterine device (IUD)
- Hormone-based contraception such as oral pills or injectable
- Barrier methods such as condoms, diaphragms and birth control sponges.
- Emergency contraception
- Fertility awareness
- Permanent contraception such as vasectomy and tubal ligation.
- Least effective ones include; spermicides and withdrawal by a male before ejaculation.
It is worthy of note that because contraception separates intercourse from procreation, it has raised moral and legal issues and certain culture limits or discourage access to birth control because it has been considered to be morally and religiously undesirable.
KEY BENEFITS OF CONTRACEPTIVES:
Reduction of pregnancy associated risks
Girls and particularly young women are at risk of problems in pregnancy. With contraception, they have the opportunity of delaying pregnancy till when their body is able to support it and for older women, it can outrightly prevent them from facing pregnancy related risks. Worldwide it has been shown that contraception reduces the need for unsafe abortion which is a leading cause of maternal death.
Reduction in teenage pregnancy
Among teenagers, pregnancy is at great risk of poor outcomes. By using contraception, young women can prevent unwanted pregnancies which can negatively impact their health and ambitions. Early pregnancy can cause health problems for the baby as teenage mothers are very likely to give birth to underweight babies who are at higher risk of neonatal mortality (usually, death within 28 days of birth).
Giving birth to healthy babies
A woman’s ability to produce healthy baby(ies) is linked to her level of care before and after birth. Contraceptive allows women plan their pregnancy as too close or poorly tired pregnancies contribute to infant mortality rates. The rate of babies that die within the first year of life.
Prevention of population pressure
Finally, contraceptive use slows population growth. Unchecked population growth puts pressure on the society, economy, education and health.
Contraception is a way to prevent pregnancy. These services are best provided by sexual and reproductive health services caregivers in health facilities or clinics.
Book an appointment today and guarantee your family a healthy life.