Sniper is a pesticide composed of DDVP, 2,2-Dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate compound. It is an outdoor insecticides used on crops for the control of insect and pest invasion. However, due to its effectiveness in killing insects, Nigerians have converted it to indoor usage for the control of household insects e.g. mosquitoes and cockroaches. As good and effective the chemical is, its effect cannot be over emphasized when in contact. Such effects include; eye irritation, dizziness, low blood pressure, cardiac irregularity, paralysis, diarrhea, vomiting among others.
Recently, there has been outspread of news about the use of sniper in preserving beans, using sniper in the storage of grains is suicidal and a first degree murder for people that consumes such grain. Snipers are meant for outdoor pest especially on the field not to be used for storage. Sniper has been documented to be injurious to eyes, skin, respiratory system, cardiovascular system, central nervous system and blood system. It is poisonous and can kill if it enters the blood stream. The major composition of sniper which is organophosphate can readily bind to the lungs and kidney causing cancer which will eventually lead to death.
However, with the prevailing situations of things, all regulatory bodies must be up and doing to cut the evil act of using sniper in preserving beans. There are very many pesticides that can be used in storage of consumable materials rather than the use of sniper. Examples are; Phosphine e.g Quickphos, Fostoxin, Fumitoxin. 2) Amorphous Silica e.g. Sorptive dust. 3) Fenitrothion e.g David gray’s Fenititrothron among others.
If beans bought is to be consumed, the beans should be well rinsed severally, enough water should then be used in cooking, the water should be removed after cooking for a while, this will help neutralize the effect of the chemical on the beans. It may not completely neutralize the effect, but it will reduce it to a reasonable level.
In conclusion, farmers and marketers should be well sensitized on the hazardous effects on the use of some unacceptable chemicals for storing grains as well as making available the recommended and acceptable storage chemical to be used which are not dangerous to the consumer.